As humans, we need a constant internal environment in order to function properly. Our bodies contain enzymes that, when exposed to higher or lower temperatures, become inactivated. The enzyme system is the basic machinery present in all cells that control all the normal cell functions.
As we age, our internal temperature control becomes weaker and our temperature sensors lose their capabilities. Therefore, we need to rely more on external environmental temperatures to keep us safe and healthy.
The ideal temperature for the elderly is higher than that for young adults. It should range between 75-80°F and should be no less than 70°F and a temperature lower than this can have extremely devastating consequences on the health of the elderly. A lower temperature of the body than normal is called hypothermia. The following are a few of the harmful effects low temperatures have:
- They increase the chances of getting strokes and heart attacks.
- Muscles become less responsive and it becomes difficult for the person to perform routine tasks like walking.
- Heart rate falls.
- Your reaction time becomes slower
- Your chances of catching flu increase.
- Your speech becomes slow and slurred.
To prevent these effects, make sure you set your thermostat at a temperature higher than 70°F. Other steps you can take to keep yourself warm are to increase the layers of clothing you wear and their thickness also.
However, make sure not to go overboard as higher temperatures are harmful too. Some of the complications of higher temperatures include dehydration, heat strokes, fatigue, dizziness, and heat exhaustion.
Therefore, in light of the above discussion, it is vital to maintaining an ideal room temperature which is not too cold or too hot, as either of these can have harmful effects on the body and can derange the body’s internal metabolic system.